Dimensions: 183.4 × 161.3 cm (72 3/16 × 63 1/2 in.)
Made in: Nigeria, Yorubaland
Collected in: Nigeria, Ilorin
Description: This is a large rectangular Yoruba Adire cloth, probably produced using synthetic indigo dye. It is machine sewn on two sides, perhaps to display it as a wall handing, and it has selvedge on the other two sides. It is starch resist dyed using stencils. The underlying colour of the cloth is green, with designs in indigo blue. The overall design on the cloth features circular wheels formed of lines radiating from a centre. Around the wheels are repeated small motifs in the shape of crescent moons. The wheels are enclosed within a grid pattern formed of repeated vertical and horizontal stripes.
The term ‘Adire’ is generally used to refer to two types of resist dyed cloth produced in Yorubaland, involving tying and stitching or the use of starch paste. Starch paste is applied either freehand or with the use of stencils. Machine stitching and new types of dyes have been introduced. Adire experienced a massive decline in the late twentieth century but as of the first two decades of the twenty-first century it is enjoying a resurgence. The term ‘Yoruba batik’ is used in this collection to refer to cloth dyed in Yorubaland from the late 1960s onwards with wax as the resist agent. It is classified as a form of resist dyeing separate from Adire.
Part of the O'Hear Collection.