School of Design

ULITA - an Archive of International Textiles

Adire cloth
Date: 1965-1985
Dimensions: 287 × 109.7 cm (113 × 43 3/16 in.)
Medium: cotton
Made in: Nigeria, Yorubaland
Collected in: Nigeria, Ilorin
Description: This is a long Yoruba Adire cloth with selvedge on two sides. The overall colour is indigo blue, and the design consists of large central diamond or lozenge shapes in red and green. The designs are created by stitching, using a sewing machine to create stitched portions which will resist the dye-bath. The stitching is worked loosely and the stitches are then drawn together and knotted. The methods used to apply the colours are immersion in a dye bath and ‘spotting’, which is applying a high concentration of dye solution to specific spots where colours are desired. The cloth is suitable to be made into a dress or used as a table or bed cover. The term ‘Adire’ is generally used to refer to two types of resist dyed cloth produced in Yorubaland, involving tying and stitching or the use of starch paste. Starch paste is applied either freehand or with the use of stencils. Machine stitching and new types of dyes have been introduced. Adire experienced a massive decline in the late twentieth century but as of the first two decades of the twenty-first century it is enjoying a resurgence. The term ‘Yoruba batik’ is used in this collection to refer to cloth dyed in Yorubaland from the late 1960s onwards with wax as the resist agent. It is classified as a form of resist dyeing separate from Adire. Part of the O'Hear Collection.
Inv. No.: 2014.71

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